Sagadawa Festival-commemorating the birth day of Buddha in Tibetan areas
In April of the Tibetan calendar, a festival-"Sagadawa Festival" is celebrated everywhere in Tibetan areas ". The origin of the Saga Dawa Festival is April 15 of the Tibetan calendar. According to research, it is the day when Buddha Sakyamuni was born, got the Tao and passed away. Buddhists all over the world solemnly commemorate this day. In the snow-covered plateau, the Tibetan people is how to commemorate it?
In April, according to the Tibetan calendar, the star of Saga, which is the Pleiades, will appear in the 28 constellations. This month (Tibetan called "month" as "Dawa"), Lhasa people collectively call it "Saga Dawa", and the Buddha sacrifice day is also referred to as "Saga Dawa Festival". In the month of April, believers do not kill or eat meat, but only worship the Buddha. Some even close their fasting to practice, or go to turn around and kowtow. Because Buddha Sakyamuni once said, "If you do a good deed on this day, you will do all the good." When I first arrived in Lhasa, a dizzying shock came to my face: in front of the majestic Potala Palace and in front of the solemn Jokhang Temple, thousands of Tibetan monks were turning sutras and pilgrimage to the Buddha, some holding sutras in their hands, some with their hands stretched out, and some with their hands stretched out, some with their ears full of murmuring chanting and the swish of their bodies touching ground.
Praying for blessings is the most common and important way of commemoration. There are three transit roads in Lhasa. A circle around the Jokhang Temple is called "Nang Kuo", a circle around the old city with the Jokhang Temple as the center is called "Ba Kuo", and a circle around the old city of Lhasa is called "Lin Kuo". Linkuo Road is the main route for people to turn on important religious festivals.
From the first day of the Sagadawa Festival, there have been groups of people on Linkuo Road. On the 15th day of the Tibetan calendar, the transition reached its peak. From 2 a.m. to the evening, the flow of people was endless. June 12 is the 15th of April in the Tibetan calendar. Thousands of monks in front of the Jokhang Temple attracted reporters. After a lot of trouble, the reporter finally squeezed into the Jokhang Temple. In the courtyard, but I saw dozens of eminent monks sitting on the ground, chanting scriptures constantly in their mouths, and an elderly eminent monk was sitting on a temporary throne in the courtyard, presiding over the activities of the Dharma. A girl from a Buddhist college told reporters in a low voice: What is going on here is a "fire confession. According to reports, the main purpose of fire supply is to provide, which means that food or various items are put into the fire and the fire will burn them out. The object of "fire supply" has both upward supply (I. e., supply and giving) and downward supply (I. e., giving). The offer of fire is intended to rest the disaster and be blessed, and the merit is complete.
The Jokhang Temple is going to carry out a few days of "offering". It is seen that the offerings needed for the ceremony are placed in an orderly manner next to the throne, including barley, peas, wheat, rice, rapeseed, sesame and other grains, all of which are inserted. Bodhi tree leaves symbolizing auspiciousness. An elderly monk sits on a throne, recites a prayer, holds a diamond pestle and a diamond bell, and skillfully changes a variety of French. As the bronze furnace before the throne was lit, he put various offerings into the furnace in sequence, and constantly added combustion-supporting butter to make the flame more and more prosperous. At this time, the melodious Vajra pestle, the sound of the diamond bell and the loud chanting of the monks formed a rich and wonderful religious symphony.
It is understood that the Jokhang Temple is a holy place in the eyes of Tibetan Buddhist believers. Every day, about 30,000 religious believers go to the Jokhang Temple to worship the Buddha, and 100,000 religious believers go to the Buddha on major religious festivals. This trip is a bit of a lesson. For ordinary people, the "Sagadawa" festival also means that more good deeds can be done. The reporter noticed that there seem to be more "beggars" on the streets of Lhasa these days. It turns out that this is also one of the holiday customs-to be a beggar once, and the giver and the giver are equally calm and happy. The smile on the face is as bright as the sunshine on the plateau.
Since the outbreak of the epidemic in Tibet on August 7, 2022, a large number of tourists from Tibet to Yunnan have entered Shangri-La from National Highway 214. The People's Government of Diqing Prefecture has issued a series of relevant policies and measures and actively responded. Medical staff, police and other front-line personnel stick to the front line, have been involved in the "war of resistance" of the epidemic without gunpowder smoke, and jointly participate in dealing with a major public health security incident faced by mankind.