The Legend of Tibetan Origin
In the first half of the 7th century AD, Tibet had its own writing. The legend of "macaque becoming human" has been recorded in the book "The King's Legacy" by Tubo Zanpu Songzanganbu. Subsequently, Tibetan historians of all ages agreed that man was transformed from the macaque. For more than 1000 years, the legend that the Yalong River Valley is one of the birthplaces of mankind has been widely spread in Tibetan areas. Compared with various absurd preaching such as Nuwa's "kneading earth to create man" and the Western "God created man", it obviously has a certain scientific truth.
The legendary ancient macaque in Tibet, covered with long hair and red face, first lived with other macaques and birds and beasts in the large forests of the Yarlung Zangbo River Basin in Tibet, picking fruits for a living. After millions of years, they and other ancient macaques, due to differences in body structure and living habits, gradually moved out of the forest and moved to live on the forest grassland. By this time they were able to walk upright, clothed themselves with leaves, fed on wild grains that were not planted for themselves, and lived in caves. In the long years, they struggled with nature, made some rough stone tools, began to work purposefully, and gradually evolved into primitive humans. This is the ancestor of the Tibetans. In the area of Zedang in Shannan, rotten leaves several zhangs deep and deep buried roots can still be seen in some deep ditches. It shows that this area was once a primitive forest, and this forest has been stretching to the area of Gongbu and Dabu. After liberation, ivory fossils were found in the Yalong River Valley, dinosaur fossils were found along the Nujiang River in the Qamdo region, and so on. All this shows that the southeast region of Tibet may have been a tropical region in ancient times. Later, as the climate changed and forests dwindled, ancient macaques moved from the forest to the ground in search of food. Today, it is still said in Tibet that the caves in the Zedang area are the remains of the ancient macaques of the Tibetan ancestors, and a garden field in the Suotang area is the first farmland where the ancient ancestors artificially controlled the growth and reproduction of crops. Those who worshiped the gods on the mountain dug up a bunch of earth and took it back as a souvenir, believing it was divine earth.
Until more than 170 years ago, no one else had imagined the origin of humans as macaques or apes turned into humans. On the other hand, according to folklore, Tibetan historians proposed that macaques changed into people and maintained their own rule, so they used the legend of "macaques changed into people" to fabricate and spread the legend of "Guanyin macaques bred Tibetan humans". It is said that the sentient beings in the snowy areas of Tibet are caused by the incarnation of Guanyin, the savior of mankind in the snowy mountains of Tibet, and the grains and rich treasures that grow on the earth are all gifts from Guanyin Bodhisattva. From the Tubo king Songzan Gampo 1300 years ago, to the Dalai Lama of the past generations, he described himself as the incarnation of Guanyin, the natural ruler, preaching "destiny theory" and "theocracy", and described themselves as The supreme representative of theocracy.
After liberation, archaeologists discovered Paleolithic tools in Tibet, which provided valuable information for studying the origin of Tibetans in high-yield fields. Since 1977, a large number of Neolithic tools have been unearthed in the Karuo area, an important road in Changdu Lancang and Sichuan, Yunnan and Tibet. According to preliminary identification, they are the primitive villages where people lived in the Neolithic Age 4,000 to 5000 years ago. Shortly after liberation, ancient human bones were found on the northeast bank of the confluence of the Yarlung Zangbo River and the Niyang River in Nyingchi County, which were preliminarily identified as human remains of the Neolithic Age or the period of copperstone use. According to this, it can be known that Tibet has been inhabited by primitive indigenous people since ancient times. Some people say that Fa Qiang was the ancestor of Tubo. At the beginning of the Warring States Period, Qin Xian Gong sent troops to attack and plunder the Qiang area. The chief Mao avoided the Qin soldiers and led his troops to move south and scattered everywhere. The yak department conquered. This statement lacks basis and cannot explain that the Qiang people who entered Tibet more than 300 BC were the ancestors of Tubo. The initial discovery of Neolithic sites and Neolithic human bones in Tibet is enough to trace the history of Tibet back to a much further era.
In the early days of primitive society after the formation of human beings, the power of a single person could not resist the invasion of beasts of prey, and only the power of social union could survive. After the descendants of the primitive group multiplied to a certain number, due to the improvement of productivity, the social structure changed, and the unstable primitive group gradually changed into a group-clan with blood kinship as the link. In the matriarchal society, people's blood relationship can only rely on the maternal line, according to the maternal line to divide the clan.
In the book "The Origins of Buddhism" written by Sumba Khenpo, a contemporary of the Seventh Dalai during the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty, he said: "When the Tibetan human group was formed, it began to be divided into six clans, namely, SEE, MOU, Dong, Dong and Zhu. Then it continued to divide into twelve, seventeen and forty clans." These clan social stages. From about 5000 years ago, the primitive society of our country entered the slave society to replace the primitive society, and the clan commune was disintegrated. Tibet entered the slave society in the era of Niechi Zanpu, which marked a new stage in the development of Tibetan society, provided conditions for the continued development of social productivity and economic culture, and played a progressive role in historical development.
Since the outbreak of the epidemic in Tibet on August 7, 2022, a large number of tourists from Tibet to Yunnan have entered Shangri-La from National Highway 214. The People's Government of Diqing Prefecture has issued a series of relevant policies and measures and actively responded. Medical staff, police and other front-line personnel stick to the front line, have been involved in the "war of resistance" of the epidemic without gunpowder smoke, and jointly participate in dealing with a major public health security incident faced by mankind.