Tibetan Sports Activities in the Tubo Era
Tibetans are a nation that loves sports and entertainment. As early as the Tubo era (7th-9th century AD), horse racing, archery and other sports activities were popular. Tubo's famous Zapusong Zan Ganbu is an athlete. He likes to assassinate wild horses and wild yaks in a fast gallop on horseback. The history books say that he once cut off the head of a wild yak with a knife. This kind of "galloping" game gives people excitement and tension far above the Spanish bullfighting scene.
During the Chisong Dezan period, after the completion of the Sangye Temple, a grand celebration was held and there were various performances. A famous Opala performed his unique skill of camel riding. He could constantly change rides on seven galloping camels. Some people perform equestrian, swords and guns on the horseback of Mercedes-Benz. Some people perform stacked arhats. The most amazing thing is Jiang Gabo's acrobatic performance, in which he runs on top of 13 sandalwood trees. According to the Ba Association, these lively scenes were painted in the frescoes of the Sangye Temple. The existing murals of the Sangye Temple, although painted by future generations, mostly retain the ancient style and content.
Weightlifting, that is, holding a stone competition, is attended by four people, one is about to pick up the stone from the ground, one is holding the stone to his stomach, one is holding the stone to his chest, and one has carried the stone on his shoulder, beaming, and there are two referees next to him. The frescoes vividly reproduce the various movements of holding stones. This unique weightlifting, until the 19th century is still very popular.
Wrestling, there are 12 people in the mural of Sangye Temple, divided into two teams, one wearing red shorts and the other wearing white shorts. Two people are in a group. One group has already produced the result. One person was thrown to the ground on his back and was held down by the other person (the winner) with his hand; some have just started to fight, and they are pulling and grabbing each other, while others are fighting nervously.
Horse racing, Tubo's army is mostly cavalry, coupled with many places in Tubo people live a nomadic life, so that Tubo people are good at equestrian, horse racing has become the most popular sports activities. There are horse racing pictures in the frescoes of Sangye Temple. There are 19 horses painted. The rider is dressed in long robes, boots and whips. The 19 horses gallop forward, giving people a sense of tension and intensity.
In the race, that is, track and field, a total of 14 people take part in the picture, wearing red, white and green shorts respectively. Everyone scrambles to move forward bravely. This kind of movement was still held in Tibetan areas before liberation, but the rules were not very strict. In addition, as the "Ba Association" said, the murals are also painted with acrobatic performances, such as climbing poles, high-altitude handstands, high-altitude wings, lying steel knives, etc. The characters are lifelike and wonderful.
The most interesting of Tubo's sports activities is polo. Some scholars believe that Tubo is the origin of polo and spread from Tubo to Tang Dynasty. The Tang people called polo "polo", which comes from the Tibetan language. According to the "Fengshi Wen Wen Ji", when Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty, Tubo people played in Chang 'an. Emperor Taizong also watched the match. According to the report, "Taizong Chang Yu 'an Fumen said to the courtiers: 'Wen Xi fan is good at playing ball, this also makes Xi Xi, once watched it. yesterday, there were a group of Hu street playing ball in Shengxian building. to make me see this, Hu suspected that I love this, should it not be easy for an emperor to act? I have burned this ball to order myself.'" Although Emperor Taizong thought that emperors should not indulge in playing games and the like, polo was very popular in the Tang Dynasty. There are many poems about polo matches in the collection of poems of the Tang Dynasty, while the western wall of the tomb of Prince Li Xian of Tang Zhanghuai is painted with colorful pictures of polo matches, which are lifelike. The tomb owner is not sure that he is also a fan. In the Tubo mission of the Tang Dynasty, sometimes there were many polo masters who had played matches with the officials of the Tang Dynasty. For example, in the Old Book of Tang Dynasty? The Biography of Tubo, Jinglong sent his ministers in November of the third year of the year. Shang Zan Duh waited to welcome the girl. Zhongzong Banquet was on the court in the court. He ordered his son-in-law, Yang Shen, to play with Tubo's envoy. Zhongzong led his courtiers to watch it. "Feng Shi Wen Ji" described the competition in more detail, saying that at the beginning, the Tubo mission won a big victory. Later, Xuanzong, who was the king of Linzi, and Yang Shenjiao, his son-in-law, took the stage in person, and defeated Tubo ten people with four people. "Xuanzong drove the east and west, the wind returned to the electric field, and Tubo did not get any success."
In addition, Tubo people also like to play Go. Shi Yan's game is "Go and Lubo", among which "Lubo" is also called "Liubo". It is a kind of ancient Chinese opera, which may have been introduced to Tubo in the Tang Dynasty.
Since the outbreak of the epidemic in Tibet on August 7, 2022, a large number of tourists from Tibet to Yunnan have entered Shangri-La from National Highway 214. The People's Government of Diqing Prefecture has issued a series of relevant policies and measures and actively responded. Medical staff, police and other front-line personnel stick to the front line, have been involved in the "war of resistance" of the epidemic without gunpowder smoke, and jointly participate in dealing with a major public health security incident faced by mankind.