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The Legend of the Khampas Man Sina Dingzhu

  • Categories:倾尽所有修天路
  • Author:李绍明 郎晶晶 尤祥能
  • Origin:云南日报
  • Time of issue:2015-11-20 00:00
  • Views:3

(Summary description)In order to make a living, Tibetan teenagers fled the mountains, he was the "rebel" in the eyes of their elders; in order to build "Tianlu", millionaires turned into "billionaires", he was the "fool" in the eyes of others; he led the way for villagers, aided the masses to build houses and seize industries, and relocated hundreds of people to help them in the crisis of the earthquake, he was a cadre. Good Party members in the hearts of the masses.

The Legend of the Khampas Man Sina Dingzhu

(Summary description)In order to make a living, Tibetan teenagers fled the mountains, he was the "rebel" in the eyes of their elders; in order to build "Tianlu", millionaires turned into "billionaires", he was the "fool" in the eyes of others; he led the way for villagers, aided the masses to build houses and seize industries, and relocated hundreds of people to help them in the crisis of the earthquake, he was a cadre. Good Party members in the hearts of the masses.

  • Categories:倾尽所有修天路
  • Author:李绍明 郎晶晶 尤祥能
  • Origin:云南日报
  • Time of issue:2015-11-20 00:00
  • Views:3
Information

In order to make a living, Tibetan teenagers fled the mountains, he was the "rebel" in the eyes of their elders; in order to build "Tianlu", millionaires turned into "billionaires", he was the "fool" in the eyes of others; he led the way for villagers, aided the masses to build houses and seize industries, and relocated hundreds of people to help them in the crisis of the earthquake, he was a cadre. Good Party members in the hearts of the masses.

 

Sinadine Zhu, a Communist Party member of Bala Village, Nixi Township, Shangri-la County, Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, wrote in action --- a legend of Kangba man's road-building


 

传奇人物 斯那定珠
The pictures in this edition are provided by Yunnan Wencheng Shangri-La County Balagozong Tourism Development Co., Ltd.
 

传奇人物 斯那定珠
Past Bala Village Post Road
 

传奇人物 斯那定珠
Highway under construction
 

传奇人物 斯那定珠
Transfer and resettlement in earthquake to appease the masses
 

传奇人物 斯那定珠
The village of Bala has a highway.
 


斯那定珠开办了迪庆州第一家五金机械门市部、第一家涮羊肉火锅城,累积财富数千万元,并把父母风风光光地接到了香格里拉县城居住。然而,每当想起封闭落后的家乡,想起更多仍然被“关”在巴拉格宗大峡谷的乡亲,腰缠万贯的斯那定珠总觉得日子过得不舒心,这个康巴汉子开始“狂想”:“我要给巴拉人修一条柏油公路!”

“有钱不等于富有,如果就这样过着自己的小日子不回家乡,我的一生就等于白活了。”他这样解释自己的行动。

筑路

千万富豪变成“亿万负翁”

“修一条公路,把巴拉格宗的峡谷开发出来,巴拉人一起搞旅游致富,就可以实现我的梦想。”斯那定珠的命运注定与巴拉人的出路相连。

要在壁立千仞的峡谷绝壁上筑路,简直是痴人说梦。一腔热血的斯那定珠遭到了包括家人在内的反对甚至讥讽。

给乡亲们描述未来的公路、旅游,有人听得睡着了;一拨又一拨设计人员来了,勘测完地形,摇摇头走了;一批又一批施工队来了,挖掘机难以立足,叹口气走了。

“设计、施工队干不了,我自己干!”他自己勘测地形、设计施工线路,两年徒步约4万公里,勘测地形,摸索绝壁、深箐、90度急弯处的修路技巧。

为了筹集修路资金,他变卖了经营多年的餐馆、五金店以及房子、车子,跑遍了香格里拉所有的银行和信贷公司,借遍了所有的亲朋好友。香格里拉县城有一条街的商铺,他挨着借过来;一家信贷公司,他跑了50趟,终于获得支持。

为了修路,他曾欠债1亿多元,昔日的千万富翁变成了亿万“负翁”。

2004年9月10日,从214国道通往巴拉村的公路终于开工建设,这条宽6.5米、长35公里的公路经过4个藏族村落。峡谷中的平地

经济作物稀少珍贵,都得斯那定珠出面协商。他磨破了嘴皮,最大限度让步,争取理解支持。有年龄大的妇女认为他骗人,往他脸上吐口水。他用手抹一下脸,笑着说:“孃孃,不要这样,我们慢慢商量。”

不管日晒雨淋,斯那定珠都坚持在施工一线监理、指导,节省每一分钱,夯实每一段路基。

2007年,他又筹资700万元,从上桥头架设全长34.8公里的10千伏输变电线路至巴拉村,解决了沿线4个村落共50多户人家和景区内的生产生活用电问题。

公路一天天掘进,当初送他出山的父亲却生病了。当公路快要修到巴拉村的时候,老父亲执意要去看看。2007年底,父亲旺堆站在巴拉村,看着羊肠般曲折的公路就要通到老家门口,他用粗大的手拍了拍斯那定珠的肩膀,什么也不说,眼角挂着幸福的泪花,提前享受了光荣与自豪。“那是我最幸福的时刻。”斯那定珠回忆说。

父亲去世不久,2008年1月1日,巴拉村迎来历史性的一刻:公路通了!高压电通了!电话通了!

“我们载歌载舞,给斯那定珠献上洁白的哈达。”村民小组长洛桑吹批说,有人拿出煮鸡蛋送给斯那定珠,不知道怎样表达心情;有人不停地给亲戚朋友打电话,体验现代通信的神奇;有人不停地摁动电灯开关,享受瞬间点亮山村的美好。“那一刻,我流下了眼泪。”斯那定珠这样描述成功的喜悦。

2009年6月底,巴拉村公路主体部分铺成了柏油路,斯那定珠又筹资128万元,在岗曲河上建了一座大桥。如今从巴拉村到县城的时间,由以前的三四天缩短到1个半小时。

领路

“夹皮沟”变身“国际范”

在巴拉格宗景区强势崛起、国内外游客纷至沓来时,斯那定珠再次“犯傻”:与云南文投集团联手开发,并由云南文投控股,大气魄打造特色旅游“国际范”。

费尽8年的心血,公路终于建成了,但斯那定珠频遭尴尬。

路通了,有企业要在岗曲河上建造梯级电站,并以可观的股份利诱债台高筑的斯那定珠。他态度决绝:“绝对不行,开发电站对环境的破坏太大!”

路通了,有村民开始砍伐、外运自留山上的木材;有人在河里炸鱼、毒鱼……“如果你们利用我修的路破坏家园,我宁可亲自炸掉这条路!”斯那定珠又急又气。

经过多方争取,电站停建了。他在巴拉格宗景区挂牌“三江并流国家级风景名胜区红山景区巴拉格宗管理处”,开始名正言顺保护巴拉格宗的生态环境。

斯那定珠深知,要从源头上杜绝破坏,最根本的是要让村民富起来。于是,巴拉村15户村民在斯那定珠帮扶下,相继搬到了峡谷的缓坡地带,形成了那浪村、水庄村两个藏民新村。同时,他一面租赁村民闲置的土地发展生态农业,平均每年给每户租金1万元;一面租赁村民的百年老房子恢复原貌,供游客参观体验藏文化,每年给每户租金3000元至5000元。他还扶持村民办养鸡场、养猪场和生态鱼塘,既满足景区需求,又可为每户每年增收5万元左右。

近两年,景区建设项目较多,斯那定珠便将一些工程分包给当地村民施工,既节约了开支、保证了质量,又让村民学到了技术、得到了实惠,平均每人每年增加五六万的收入。他还将景区道路维护工作按段承包给村民,每年每户工钱7000元。

现居水庄村的白玛老人家里有五口人,3个儿子靠包工程、养护公路,加上每年5000元的房屋租赁费和6000元的土地租赁费,去年收入达11万元。老人指着自家的三层藏式碉楼和门口停放的微型货车说:“瞧,房子是斯那定珠帮助我们盖的,微型车也是他资助买的,我们家还有一辆农用车呢!”他的儿子阿兵补充道:“现在的生活真是做梦也想不到,洋芋和包谷都用来喂牲口了!”

如今,巴拉村人家家新楼房,户户新风貌,微型面包车、冰柜、烤箱、太阳能、电脑、光纤等一应俱全,村里还出了十几个大学生。巴拉格宗国家公园、4A级景区建成迎客,村民的思想观念也发生了巨大变化,以巴拉人自豪,以巴拉格宗景区人自居,为景区景观和内涵注入了人文的力量。

命运对斯那定珠的考验没有停歇。

2013年的斯那定珠准备大干一场,巴拉格宗4A级景区游客量大增、营业额大幅增加、提速冲刺5A级景区之际,“8·28”、“8·31”地震接踵而来。公路大面积坍塌,电力、通讯中断,所有村民、员工及50多名游客共400余人被困,无法与外界取得联系。斯那定珠火速从昆明出差路上往回赶,冒着余震不断、落石纷纷的危险,徒步进入巴拉格宗,下令拿出所有食品、被褥,动用30多辆汽车,把被困人员转移到安全地带,安抚安置。

随后,他冒雨带队,开动装载机、挖机等大型机械设备,对景区至214线国道的道路由内向外进行抢修,5天后与正面救援队伍会师,400多人安全回家。

8年修筑的“天路”受损30多公里,其中严重损毁18公里,损失近2亿元,修复难度很大,村民和员工伤心不已。他咽下泪水安慰大家:“人在,路就在!”Snadingzhu opened Diqing's first hardware and machinery department and the first hot pot city for instant mutton. It accumulated tens of millions of dollars in wealth and brought its parents to live in Shangri-La County. However, whenever I think of my closed and backward hometown, I think of more people who are still "Guan" in the Grand Canyon of Balagozhong. Snatingzhu, who is so wealthy, always feels uncomfortable. The Kangba man begins to "fantasize" that "I want to build a tar road for the Bala people!"

 

"Wealth does not mean wealth. If I live a small life like this and don't go home, my life will be a white life." He explained his actions in this way.

 

Construct a road

 

Tens of millionaires become billionaires

 

"To build a road, to develop the valley of Balagozhong, and to make the Bala people rich by traveling together, I can realize my dream." The fate of Snadingzhu is bound up with the way out of the Bara people.

 

To build roads on the precipices of the valleys with thousands of walls is a fool's dream. Snadingzhu, who was full of blood, was opposed and even ridiculed by his family.

 

Describing future highways and tours to villagers, some people heard that they fell asleep; a group of designers came, surveyed the terrain, shook their heads and left; a group of construction teams came, excavators were difficult to stand on, sighed away.

 

"The design and construction team can't do it, I can do it myself!" He surveyed the topography and designed the construction route himself. He walked about 40,000 kilometers in two years, surveyed the topography and explored the road-building skills in cliff, deep seam and 90 degree sharp bend.

 

To raise money for road repairs, he sold restaurants, hardware stores, houses and cars that he had run for many years, ran all the banks and credit companies in Shangri-La, and borrowed all his relatives and friends. There was a street shop in Shangri-La County. He borrowed it next to him. A credit company, he ran 50 times and finally got support.

 

In order to build roads, he owed more than 100 million yuan, and the former multimillionaires became billionaires.

 

On September 10, 2004, construction of the highway from National Highway 214 to Bala Village finally started. The highway, 6.5 meters wide and 35 kilometers long, passes through four Tibetan villages. Flat land in the canyon

 

Cash crops are rare and precious, and they have to be negotiated by Snading Pearl. He broke his lips, gave in as much as he could, and sought understanding and support. Older women thought he was deceiving and spat on his face. He wiped his face with his hand and said with a smile, "Niang Niang, don't do that. Let's discuss it slowly."

 

Regardless of sunshine and rain, Snadingzhu insists on supervision and guidance in the construction line, saves every penny and consolidates every section of roadbed.

 

In 2007, he raised another 7 million yuan to build a 10-kilovolt transmission and transformation line with a total length of 34.8 kilometers from Shangqiaotou to Bala Village, which solved the problem of electricity consumption for production and living in more than 50 households and scenic spots in four villages along the line.

 

The road was dug day by day, but his father, who had sent him out of the mountain, was ill. When the road was about to be repaired to the village of Bara, the old father insisted on visiting it. At the end of 2007, his father Wangdui stood in the village of Bala, watching the winding road like a sheep's intestine lead to the door of his old home. He patted Snatingzhu on the shoulder with his big hand, saying nothing, with happy tears hanging from his eyes, and enjoyed glory and pride ahead of time. "That's my happiest moment." Snatingzhu recalled.

 

Shortly after his father's death, on January 1, 2008, Bara Village ushered in a historic moment: the highway was opened! The high-voltage electricity was on! The telephone was on!

 

"We sang and danced and presented Snading Pearl with a white Hada." Lausanne, head of the villagers'group, said that some people took out boiled eggs and gave them to Snading Pearl, and did not know how to express their feelings; some people kept calling relatives and friends to experience the magic of modern communication; some people kept pressing the light switch to enjoy the beauty of lighting the mountain village in an instant. "At that moment, I shed tears." Snatingzhu describes the joy of success in this way.

 

At the end of June 2009, the main part of Bala village road was paved with asphalt road. Snadingzhu raised another 1.28 million yuan to build a bridge over Gangqu River. Now the time from Bala village to County town is shortened from three or four days to one and a half hours.

 

Lead the way

 

"Jiapigou" Becomes "International Standard"

 

When the Balagozhong scenic spot rose strongly and tourists from home and abroad came in large numbers, Snadingzhu once again made a fool of himself: jointly developed with Yunnan Wentou Group, and controlled by Yunnan Wentou Group, so as to create an international model of characteristic tourism.

 

After eight years of hard work, the highway was finally built, but Snatingzhu was often embarrassed.

 

Passepartout, there are enterprises to build cascade power stations on the Gangqu River, and to lure debt-ridden Snading Pearl with considerable share profits. His attitude is absolute: "absolutely not, the development of power plants is too damaging to the environment!"

 

When the road was opened, some villagers began to cut down and transported timber from Liushan Mountain; some people fried fish and poisonous fish in the river... "If you use the road I built to destroy your home, I'd rather blow it up in person!" Snadingzhu was quick and angry.After many efforts, the power station was suspended. He listed the "Balagozhong Administration Office of Hongshan Scenic Spot, a national scenic spot with three rivers running side by side" in the Balagozhong Scenic Spot, and began to protect the ecological environment of Balagozhong.

 

Snadingzhu knows that the most fundamental thing to stop destruction from the source is to make the villagers rich. So, with the help of Snading Pearl, 15 villagers in Bala Village moved to the gentle slope of the canyon, forming two new Tibetan villages, Nalang Village and Shuizhuang Village. At the same time, he leased the idle land of villagers to develop ecological agriculture, with an average annual rent of 10,000 yuan for each household; on the other hand, he leased the 100-year-old houses of villagers to restore their original appearance for tourists to experience Tibetan culture, giving each household a rent of 3,000 yuan to 5,000 yuan per year. He also supports private chicken farms, pig farms and ecological fish ponds in villages, which not only meet the needs of scenic spots, but also increase the annual income of about 50,000 yuan for each household.

 

In the past two years, there are many construction projects in scenic spots. Snading Pearl subcontracted some projects to local villagers for construction, which not only saved expenditure and guaranteed quality, but also enabled villagers to learn technology and get benefits, with an average annual increase of income of 56,000 per person. He also contracted out the road maintenance work in the scenic spot to villagers in stages, with an annual wage of 7,000 yuan per household.

 

There are five people in Baima old man's family living in Shuizhuang village. Three sons earned 110,000 yuan last year by contracting projects and maintaining roads, plus 5,000 yuan rental fee and 6,000 yuan rental fee per year. The old man pointed to his three-storey Tibetan blockhouse and the minivan parked at the door and said, "Look, the house was built by Snatingzhu, and the minivan was bought by him. There is also a farm car in our house." His son A Bing added, "Life is so dreamless now that potatoes and Baogu are used for feeding. The cattle! "

 

Nowadays, the new buildings and features of the families in Bala village are all available, including minivans, freezers, ovens, solar energy, computers and optical fibers. There are more than a dozen college students in the village. With the completion of Balagozong National Park and 4A-level scenic spots, great changes have taken place in villagers'ideas. Balagozhong people are proud of themselves and Balagozhong people live in them, which injects humanistic strength into the landscape and connotation of the scenic spots.

 

The test of fate on Snatingzhu did not stop.

 

In 2013, when Snatingzhu was ready to do a big job, the Balagozong 4A scenic spot witnessed a large increase in visitors, a large increase in turnover, and an accelerated sprint to 5A scenic spot, the "8.28" and "8.31" earthquakes followed. Over 400 villagers, employees and more than 50 tourists were trapped in the massive collapse of the highway and the interruption of power and communication. They were unable to get in touch with the outside world. Snatingzhu rushed back from Kunming's business trip at a high speed, stepping into Balagozhong at the risk of aftershocks and rockfalls. He ordered that all food and bedding be taken out, and more than 30 cars be used to transfer the trapped people to safety zones and placate them.

 

Subsequently, he led the team in the rain, started loaders, excavators and other large-scale machinery and equipment, and rushed to repair the road from the inside to the outside of the scenic area to the 214 national highway. Five days later, he met with the front rescue team, and more than 400 people came home safely.

 

More than 30 kilometers of Tianlu were damaged in the past eight years, 18 kilometers of which were severely damaged and nearly 200 million yuan was lost. It was very difficult to repair, and villagers and employees were very sad. He swallowed tears to comfort everyone: "In person, the road is there!"

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