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Origin and Formation of Tibetan Medicine

  • Categories:Ethnic History
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  • Time of issue:2015-12-02 00:00
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(Summary description)Tibetans are one of the nationalities with a long history and glorious culture in China. Tibetan medicine is one of the five outstanding inventions of the Tibetan people. Five Mings: Rhetoric, Rhetoric, Rhythm, Drama, Astrology; Five Mings: Technology, Medicine, Acoustics, Zhengli, Buddhism. ) One of the excellent cultures. It is the experience of the ancestors of our nation since ancient times in the struggle against all kinds of diseases on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. During the long historical development, we have absorbed many of the essence of other brotherhood and foreign medicine, constantly supplemented, improved, invented and created, and become a family with national characteristics.

Origin and Formation of Tibetan Medicine

(Summary description)Tibetans are one of the nationalities with a long history and glorious culture in China. Tibetan medicine is one of the five outstanding inventions of the Tibetan people. Five Mings: Rhetoric, Rhetoric, Rhythm, Drama, Astrology; Five Mings: Technology, Medicine, Acoustics, Zhengli, Buddhism. ) One of the excellent cultures. It is the experience of the ancestors of our nation since ancient times in the struggle against all kinds of diseases on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. During the long historical development, we have absorbed many of the essence of other brotherhood and foreign medicine, constantly supplemented, improved, invented and created, and become a family with national characteristics.

  • Categories:Ethnic History
  • Author:
  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2015-12-02 00:00
  • Views:2
Information

Tibetans are one of the nationalities with a long history and glorious culture in China. Tibetan medicine is one of the five outstanding inventions of the Tibetan people. Five Mings: Rhetoric, Rhetoric, Rhythm, Drama, Astrology; Five Mings: Technology, Medicine, Acoustics, Zhengli, Buddhism. ) One of the excellent cultures. It is the experience of the ancestors of our nation since ancient times in the struggle against all kinds of diseases on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. During the long historical development, we absorbed many of the essence of other brotherhood and foreign medicine, constantly supplemented, improved, invented and created, and became a scientific and complete principle with national characteristics. On the system, it has not only made great contributions to the Tibetan people, but also to the survival of other brotherly nationalities.

名族风情

Tibetan medicine is an ancient science, which has a long history of more than 2300 years. If we go back to the prehistoric legendary age, it will be even longer. This discipline is a shining pearl in the treasure house of traditional Chinese medicine. It is the experience of the Tibetan ancestors in fighting and fighting diseases in the long production and living practice. It draws lessons from and absorbs the essence of medicine in the brotherhood and neighboring countries, combines the conditions of Tibet and the development and utilization of drug resources. Gradually, a system of human physiology, pathology, diagnosis, treatment, prescriptions, preparations and special treatment has been formed, and a distinctive national medical system has finally been formed. Detailed information on these aspects has been recorded in the early history books, religious origins and medical history, and is only briefly introduced.

 

According to the history of Xiangxiongben religion, at least 2,000 years ago, it was in a credible historical material. According to the textual research, the living age of Ben Buddhist ancestor Xin Yuanmiaoqi was the same as that of Buddha Sakyamuni. Other historical data suggest that around 400 to 500 B.C., Chang Song Jep Chi-xi carried forward many medical codes written by his father Xin Yun Miwoqi during the formation period of Benzene-like medicine. There are also some historical books of the origin of Ben religion, which argue that the ancestor of Ben religion, Xin Huanmiwoqi, came to the world and founded medicine and other fields. Although there are different opinions, one thing is certain: Tibetan medicine has a very long history. In the history of Nie Chi-zan-pu-chi-xi, Tibetan medicine is now recognized as having a history of more than 2300 years, which is based on the above-mentioned views and conclusions.

 

In addition, according to the Five Proverbs of Ministers, when Nie Chizan Pu came to Yalong Zantang Pond, Zilaga jumped to answer one of the six doubts, saying that poison has medicine. According to textual research, at that time there was a pill called "Tuyuanwang Ri" which took the internal organs of animals. Its record was found in the book "Poison Therapy" edited by Tibetan medicine scientist Tima Gesidan Zengping Tsuo, which is now widely seen. According to the historical chapters of Encyclopedia of Chinese Medicine, Divided Volume of Tibetan Medicine, edited by Qiangba Chilie and Tudengziren, the famous Tibetan physicians in China, the ancestor of Brahman Heavenly King taught people to cure indigestion with boiled water with compassion for human beings. It can be inferred that the first disease of human is dyspepsia. Because in primitive society, people ate pure rough food, resulting in a lot of people with indigestion. Later, people found a way to use fire to treat raw, cold and non-digestible food. By burning or boiling, not only did they prevent indigestion, but also through practice, boiling water could increase body calories and help them. Digestion is also beneficial to the adjuvant treatment of other diseases. With the development of agriculture and animal husbandry, people not only invented the method of whipping milk to extract butter, learned how to treat trauma, but also found some new sources of medicines such as "butter hemostasis, application of distiller's grains to treat sores".

名族风情

The Twenty-eighth Zampratuori Nianzan of the Tubo Dynasty (254-374 A.D., the Tibetan King married his public idea, Guiruiqia, to Tianzhu's physician, Biqi Gaqi, as his wife. Later, they had a son, Tonggetoujian. Their parents and another Tianzhu physician, Bigalazi, taught him Shengjing and Eating without reservation. Classics, Medicine Classics, Bloodletting and Fire Classics, Medical Machinery Skillful Classics and so on have made them proficient in everything and become famous doctors. In the manuscript "Medical Sunshine", it is expounded that medical science had made great progress during the period of Latorius Nianzan, and that the reason why medicine should be divided into cold and heat has begun to be understood. This is in good agreement with the viewpoint of medicinal properties of cold and heat mentioned in the postscript of Four Medical Codes. Another King of Tubo, named Molongbazaar, was born blind and cured with a medical golden knife. When he first opened his eyes, he saw a pan of sheep on Mount Damo, so he was renamed Darius. The story of the Tubo king who suffered from leprosy in his mid-life was recorded in the murals of Sangye Temple. There is also a tomb in Yalong Shangda (Xiangduo). Unfortunately, the tomb disappeared during the civil uprising. These facts are enough to illustrate the development of Tibetan medicine in La Torre Nianzan period. At that time, doctors such as Tong Ge Tuo-jian appeared, who could open the eyes of Morongbazaar, and mid-aged Dewu Sheng into caves. All these indicate that doctors and medical and preventive techniques of that era reached a high level. Doctor Together served as a Tai doctor for the second half of his life and the first half of his life. From then on, the Taiyi doctor between Tonggetuojue was passed down from father to son in five generations, and served as the Taiyi doctor of the 29th to 33rd generations of the Tibetan king. About the seventh century AD, the Tibetan emperor Kuang Risongzan absorbed some medical and astronomical knowledge from the Han Dynasty. Although not greatly developed, it shows that since then, he has found a way to absorb the advantages of other medicine and to develop his own national medicine.

名族风情

Born in 708 AD, Yutongma Yundan Gongbu (now known as Lao Yutuo) was a great Tibetan physician. He lived 125 years. He used the results of previous studies to train doctors to treat diseases. The practice of processing and developing drugs has also absorbed the rich medical essence of ancient India, Nepal, Kashmir and Chong (Xinjiang today) and the wonderful effects of Chinese traditional medicine. In particular, on the basis of the works of the four rutherless lamps, written by Bai ruonna, he wrote a great book of Tibetan Medicine in his lifetime. Four Medical Codes. He also wrote "Four Continuous Explanations of Difficult Lights", "Eighteen Medical Continuations", "Essentials of Geographical Names Medical Techniques of Handi, Tianzhu, Nepal" and "Yu Tuo Cheng Fang Li Yi Yi Yi". The Four Medical Codes is commonly known in Chinese and its full name is "The Eight Secrets of Manlu and Qingyi". The Tibetan translation is "Suo Ri Ju Xie". It is a comprehensive work of Tibetan medicine with both Tibetan local characteristics and Chinese medicine and Tianzhu medicine. Its publication promotes the development of Tibetan medicine and expands its scope of influence. This is not only the distinctive content and characteristics of the Four Medical Codes, but also the glorious culture of our nation. Therefore, it has been praised and admired by experts and scholars at home and abroad, and has become a priceless treasure in the field of scientific research. Master Yu Toningma has visited many places in Handi, Tibet, India and Nepal for many times. He has developed medical activities and taught medical theories on a large scale. He has traveled to Linzhi Pharmaceutical City, Tibet, established medical monasteries, taught medical theories based on the Four Medical Codes, trained more than one thousand disciples, and compiled medical and medical books for future generations. Many classics in astronomical calendar. Later generations call it "the Second Pharmaceutical King".

 

Around 1000 A.D., when King Kore of Gug was in power during the period of Fear, Woma of Banzhidamo and Youge Renqing, Nivo translator, jointly translated the first medical classic after the collapse of the Tubo Dynasty, The Eight Branches of Medicine Should Be Self-released. This translation is a new milestone in the vigorous development of Tibetan medicine.

 

From 950 to 1005, Ren Qin Sangbu, a great translator, translated Ma Ming's Eight Collections and its annotations, and Gadamillo scholar Dawaen's Moonlight in the Meaning of Poems. Renqin Sangbu is not only a famous translator of medical classics, but also a University Master of medicine. His translations have a profound impact on the development of Tibetan medicine.

名族风情

In the 10th century, Yutuosama Yundan Gongbu (now commonly known as Xinyutuo) was the 13th generation descendant of Yutuningma, born in Guoxi Retang, Jiangzi County, Tibet. According to the postscript of Des Sangjiekatuo's The Follow-up Blue Glass, Yutu Sama and Zhongguoba Jeva are two figures of the same period. After the 10th century, with the permission of the 5th Dalai Lama, wood engraving of his biography coexisted in the wood engraving of the Buchuolin Temple in Gatan. Yutu Sama has traveled six times to Nepal and Sri Lanka to wait for the country with various strange magic powers. In the first half of his life, he mainly studied and imparted eight branches of medicine. Later, he took Badaza Baiwei and Gongqujia Rongdun as his teachers, and finished all the contents of the Four Medical Codes. For the time being, he conducted his own study. On several trips to India, I personally visited many university scholars and great achievers, such as Chengwa, the head of Avatar Mother and Zarega Fairy, and got numerous tips handed down. In his own book, he said: "Eight branches of Sacred Language Medicine, the Dragon Tree Medical Code, the black and white moonlight sparse, the Fairy Paque Medical Code, the Indian Sacred Medical Code of Han Dynasty, the experience of Tibetan practice, as well as the memory of the Empty Mother, depend on the blessings of disciples to practise and worship teachers, previous generations of practice, self-body and mind, and the wisdom of the present world is well-known." As mentioned above, Yu Tuosama compiled a five-part medical book, Pulse Diagnosis for Disease Detection, on the basis of a comparative study of all medical classics circulated in the snow area at that time. Thereafter, a letter of Clinical Pamphlet was compiled, and the manuscript is now hidden in the library of Tibetan Hospital. Later, he wrote the book "Essentials of Xiaoxu Manna", a total of 33 chapters. In order to understand its secrets, he wrote three volumes of notes and six volumes of "Golden Spoon of Teaching Commandments". At the same time, he compiled many books, such as Da Materia Medica, Bengu Promotion, Putonma, Bottle of Secret Treasure, Meridian Diagram of Body Cavity, etc., which included 199 kinds of medicinal materials. Especially, Shangyutosama Yundan Gongbu wrote some chapters of the Basic Medical Code and the Talking about Medical Code according to the needs at that time. Chapters such as tea drinking, medicine and food are supplemented. At the same time, according to the "Yuewang Pharmaceutical Diagnosis" in the part of pulse urinalysis and five elements of each other's health, chemical, gram, nourishment relations, etc., to the "Follow-up Medical Code" and "Secret Medical Code" to be supplemented accordingly. In particular, summarize and edit the essence of eight medical contents. The sage's disciples were as numerous as the stars. One of the most famous is Thornton Ishisson. Yu Tuosa taught the disciple the Four Basic Codes. Thornton compiled the works of Yu Tuo Zhuan, Wu Ti Zi Cheng, Secret Biography, Commentary on Medical Analects and Explanation of Xiao Ji Ming Deng, etc. Meanwhile, he vigorously promoted the contents of the Four Medical Analects. After Yu Tuosama first taught the Four Medical Codes, in order to let the proud students and disciples understand their intentions, he wrote two medical books annotating "color label" and "pine label" respectively. He also wrote thirteen branches for the teaching of the Four Medical Codes, which made Tibetan medicine develop greatly.

名族风情

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