Description: Tibetan knives are divided into two kinds of swords and waist knives. The long sword, called "Batamo" in Tibetan, is about 1 meter long. The waist knife, called "knot thorn" in Tibetan, is between 10cm and 40cm in length. The scabbard of the Tibetan knife is of wood, copper, iron or silver inlay. The scabbard is often engraved with designs such as dragons, phoenixes, tigers, lions and flowers. Some patterns are also dotted with precious stones, agate and other valuables.
Source: Tibetan knife is also called "folding knife". The legend is named in memory of the Tibetan hero Zile Ganbu. In the distant past, most of the herdsmen on the grasslands of Tibet had Tibetan swords. As noble herdsmen and headmen, in order to consolidate their power, they threatened the herdsmen to hand over swords. Many herdsmen were arrested for refusing to hand in hidden knives. The news reached the ears of the hero Zhelangbu. In order to save his compatriots, he jumped the Marty knife and killed the shepherd and the headman. In the end, the last drop of blood was shed by the outnumbered Chloe Gambhin. In memory of him, the herdsmen called the Tibetan knife "the knife of the folded cloth" and "the knife" for short ".
Uses: Tibetan knives have four uses: production, life, self-defense, and decoration. It has a production history of more than 1600 years. The workmanship is exquisite. The knife body is forged with automobile shock-absorbing spring steel. The handle is made of buffalo horn, yak horn, cow bone, white copper, logs and other materials.
Most of the exquisite Tibetan knives are made by skilled craftsmen. Due to the fine forging, fine engraving, eye-catching colors, and with Tibetan, there are colorful knife spikes, forming a unique Tibetan handicraft. Especially when a friend moves, gets married or gives birth to a baby, sending a Tibetan knife will make the owner feel particularly happy.
Classification: It can be roughly divided into four plates: front and back Tibetan area, Kampot area, Amdo area and Kang area.
① People often say that Raz and Nanmulin Tibetan knives are the representatives of Tibetan knives in the front and back Tibetan areas. Both Lazi and Nanmulin are located in the southwest of Xigaze, Tibet, in the upper reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo River, with high altitude and many mineral deposits. The Tibetan knives made by the craftsmen here pay attention to the steel fire of the blade and the practicality of the knife. Almost all metals are used from sheath to handle, mostly silver and iron. After thousands of years of practice and experience accumulation, a set of unique patterns have been formed in the knife making procedure, such as the use of Tibet's unique ghee, antelope blood and Tibetan green fruit, etc., after repeated forging. As a result, the Tibetan knives in Lazi and Nanmulin, Tibet, are known as "sharp" in the whole Tibet. The sheath and handle of the knife are generally not inlaid with jewelry, either iron or silver, and some will also engrave some auspicious patterns on it. In recent years, Kagalangma Tibetan knives have sprung up in the Xiatongmen area, forming a local Tibetan knife industry, mainly family workshops, facing the Tibetan tourism market.
② Located in the Linzhi area of eastern Tibet, also known as the Gongbu area, inhabited by Tibetans, Monba and Loba, where the mountains are high and the forests are dense, and wild animals haunts them. So people use a wide, long tool. The scabbard is mostly wooden, wrapped with animal skin on the outside, usually with the skin on the leg bone of the beast, and some with claws. The external decoration is mainly the fur color and toe claws attached to the hide. In addition to hunting and fighting, it is also a sharp weapon for people to cut thorns in the dense forest. This area is famous for Yigong Tibetan Dao and Gongbu Tibetan Dao, especially Yigong Tibetan Dao, which has been included in Tibet's intangible cultural heritage. Yigong Tibetan knife belongs to the top Tibetan knife series, the price is expensive, incomparable, ancient belongs to the aristocracy and upper rank to wear special weapons.
③ The Amdo area is mainly for grazing. Herdsmen's knives are mainly used for slaughtering and eating meat. There are strict male and female knives. The length of men's knives is more than one foot, and the length of women's knives is about one foot. The bottom of the scabbard and the end of the handle are upturned, which is boat-shaped. Ando people like jewelry. Headwear, chest ornaments and waist ornaments are all brilliant. These ornaments are also used on knives. The scabbard and handle anchor gold and silver are inlaid with shanshan and turquoise, like exquisite works of art. Ando series of Tibetan knives in northern Tibet when the male Tibetan knife and Yushu An Chong Tibetan knife is particularly famous.
④Kangyu people are rough and bold. For them, knives are mainly fighting weapons. They love knives more than cattle and sheep. A good knife is a fortune, and its image will rise because of it. Because of this, they not only have higher requirements for the knife itself, but also have special preferences for the external shape of the knife as a foil to the samurai spirit. The scabbard material is generally made of yellow, white copper or sterling silver, inlaid with beads, carved dragon painting style on the front, and curly grass on the back, which plays a dual role of beauty and deterrence. The Kangba Tibetan Dao includes the Changdu Tibetan Dao, the Hepo Tibetan Dao and the Dege Tibetan Dao in Baiyu County, Sichuan. The Tibetan armament in the Dege region is well-known in Tibet, and its craftsmanship is unparalleled in the world. Up to now, there are still stalls in Barkhor Street in Lhasa that mainly sell iron practical utensils from Dege area, such as horse saddles (gilt and silver) in pastoral areas, traditional Tibetan iron locks, and various kinds of musical instruments used in monasteries.
Production materials: The main processing materials of Tibetan knives are silver, copper (cupronickel, brass, copper), iron, shark, horn, agate, hardwood, etc.
Processing technology: the process includes smelting and melting, mold turning and casting, knocking and picking large shapes, carving and inlaying, welding combination, reinforcement, file grinding and shaping, fine carving, magnesium washing and polishing, etc.
Process characteristics: Tibetan knife decoration content has dragon and phoenix, curly grass pattern, geometric whirl pattern
The two sides decorated with equal blocks are continuous, and the independent three-dimensional shapes are decorated with treasure vases, lotus flowers, Falun, etc. in the Eight Treasures of Buddha. The forms of expression are relief, hollow and pinch pattern inlay.
Generally, the handle is inlaid with shark skin or black horn, which is easy to hold and not easy to slip off. In addition to the surface relief level and pattern changes, the overall shape of the tool is equidistantly or symmetrically dotted with vermilion pink green and other colors of coral, agate, etc. Tibetan knives have different sizes and shapes. From the overall shape, the head handle has a flat head, conical head, two convex, round and so on.
Yushu women's Tibetan knife is very characteristic. The whole knife body is slightly curved from the side, with symmetrical flat rhombus on both sides of the head and tail. The front is inlaid with isometric symmetrical gems. The blade is also slightly curved, which is consistent with the scabbard and has a strong decorative flavor. Speaking of this, we can't help but talk about Yushu Tibetan Dao. The Tibetan knives made by the folk crafts of Yushu collectors are unique in style, unique in decoration, and rich in national style and local characteristics, so they are called "Yushu Tibetan Dao". The characteristic of Yushu Tibetan knife lies in its gorgeous appearance. The common Xining knives, Kangba and security knives are either "chiseling", which are embossed from the inside, to decorate the gilded iron sheet of the knife body, or to embellish it with metal wire, shark skin and precious stones. The Yushu knife, both male and female knives, are made of rich materials and cross-colored decorations. The male knife looks straight.
The handle tail is mostly cloud-shaped, the sheath head is mostly round or oval, and the sheath is several millimeters wide, which looks like a small shield. Its external decorative materials are mainly metal blades, metal wire, shark skin, orb, etc. In the application of technological techniques, metal blades have hollowed-out two-way continuous patterns, relief suitable patterns, and patterns made of blades with different colors. Wire is mostly used for laminating or piecing together patterns. Gems are directly embedded in the high metal base. Patterns show themes such as dragons, phoenixes, flowers and plants, Falun, Aquarius and geometric patterns. In the layout of patterns and other ornaments, the main pattern of the scabbard, the dragon and phoenix pattern and the shark skin are often expressed in large pieces, while the rest are partially embellished. Men's knives are mostly embedded with a coral bead in the middle of the metal ornament at the handle tail, which looks unusually eye-catching. At the same time, collectors and artists use silver, copper, brass three different colors of metal materials cross-inlay, set off each other, but also to a large extent enhance the decorative effect.
Since the outbreak of the epidemic in Tibet on August 7, 2022, a large number of tourists from Tibet to Yunnan have entered Shangri-La from National Highway 214. The People's Government of Diqing Prefecture has issued a series of relevant policies and measures and actively responded. Medical staff, police and other front-line personnel stick to the front line, have been involved in the "war of resistance" of the epidemic without gunpowder smoke, and jointly participate in dealing with a major public health security incident faced by mankind.